Tag archives: blockchain technology

Tokenizing securities: is it worth it?

Tokenization refers to the process of converting the right to an asset into a digital token, issued, stored, and transferred on a blockchain (the latter of which we’ve covered previously). Many real world assets can be tokenized, including fine art and real property. Of particular interest in corporate finance is the tokenization of securities, such … Continue reading

Regulators comment on securities law implications for offerings of tokens

On June 11, 2018, the Canadian Securities Administrators (“CSA”) published Staff Notice 46-308 Securities Law Implications for Offerings of Tokens (“Notice”). The Notice follows from the CSA’s previous guidance in Staff Notice 46-307 Cryptocurrency Offerings, where the CSA explained that many cryptocurrency offerings involve the distribution of securities and are therefore subject to securities laws … Continue reading

The fallacy of the fully paid share

Often I will review agreements where clients are making representations that shares are fully paid upon their issuance. This practice has developed from US law and migrated north of the border over time, but the basis for it as a concern here is rather limited, even putting it charitably. Under Canadian law, shares cannot be … Continue reading

Taxation of cryptocurrency: unchartered territory and treacherous waters

With the recent market uproar for blockchain technology and cryptocurrency, the tax question is becoming more and more pertinent. Whether one is trading in cryptocurrency, issuing it in an effort to raise capital, hanging onto it as a long term investment, mining it or using it to access software apps, numerous questions arise. Answering these … Continue reading

Regulators take aim at cryptocurrencies

The emergence of cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology over the past several years has shaken up the financial services sector in unprecedented fashion, in a corner of the Canadian economy that has been notoriously slow to adopt and adapt to innovative change. This phenomenon has the potential to significantly re-shape many aspects of the modern economy. … Continue reading

Smart contracts: how computer programs and blockchain could affect M&A

Smart contracts, which replace traditional paper documents with a computer program that automatically verifies and executes an agreement, are poised to fundamentally alter the way M&A and contract-based legal work is performed. Think of a smart contract as a small army of robot lawyers and accountants: once the parties agree to terms, these robots automatically … Continue reading

Blockchain technology: an imminent driver of investment and M&A

Blockchain technology has been making headlines since it emerged in 2009 in connection with the cryptocurrency Bitcoin. We’ve covered the potential use of Bitcoin in M&A transactions in previous articles in 2016 and 2014. As discussed in these articles, the volatility and lack of central authority has so far meant that the cryptocurrency plays a … Continue reading
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