Tag archives: CSA

The anatomy of an alternative mutual fund: dissecting the alternative investment vehicle following recent CSA amendments

Traditionally, commodity pools existed as unique investment vehicles which, contrary to other Canadian public investment funds, were excluded from the investment restrictions and limitations codified in National Instrument 81-102 Investment Funds (NI 81-102). Earlier this year, as part of the final phase of its Modernization of Investment Fund Product Regulation Project, the Canadian Securities Administrators (the CSA) adopted a number of amendments to several National Instruments, including NI 81-102 and National Instrument 81-104 Commodity Pools (NI 81-104) (the Amendments), relating to the establishment of a regulatory framework for alternative mutual funds. When the Amendments … Continue Reading

Climate change risk is serious business – are you doing your due diligence?

It’s been a hot summer. Cities around the world have experienced record-breaking temperatures and heat waves are now being recorded all over the world. In Eastern Canada alone, there have been nearly 100 heat warnings. In Oman, the town of Quriyat registered the highest minimum temperature in the world in June this year: 42.6 degrees for nearly 51 hours. Bushfires have devastated California, reached the Arctic Circle in Sweden, and at the time of writing, are being battled in in northern Ontario.

Climate change is associated with an increased frequency of extreme weather events and the impact on business Continue Reading

Regulators comment on securities law implications for offerings of tokens

On June 11, 2018, the Canadian Securities Administrators (“CSA”) published Staff Notice 46-308 Securities Law Implications for Offerings of Tokens (“Notice”).

The Notice follows from the CSA’s previous guidance in Staff Notice 46-307 Cryptocurrency Offerings, where the CSA explained that many cryptocurrency offerings involve the distribution of securities and are therefore subject to securities laws (including prospectus, registration, and/or marketplace requirements). The Notice expands upon this guidance to focus in particular on offerings of “utility tokens,” which is an industry term often used to refer to a token that has one or more specific functions, … Continue Reading

Canadian Securities Administrators are seeking comments on soliciting dealer arrangements

The Canadian Securities Administrators (the “CSA”) have issued CSA Staff Notice 61-303 and Request for Comment – Soliciting Dealer Arrangements (the “Notice”) on the use of soliciting dealer arrangements. “Soliciting dealer arrangements” generally refer to agreements entered into between issuers and investment dealers under which the issuer agrees to pay to the dealers a fee for each security successfully solicited to tender to a bid in the case of a take-over bid, or to vote in favour of a matter requiring securityholder approval. In many cases, the payment of any fee is contingent on “success” and/or … Continue Reading

New takeover rules set stage for aggressive M&A tactics

The Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) are making significant changes to Canada’s takeover bid regime. The reforms are designed to obviate the need for overly aggressive and coercive behaviour on both the offensive and defensive sides of hostile takeovers. When the amendments come into force on May 9, 2016, it will mark the first time that the takeover bid rules have been harmonized across the entire country, as the formerly recalcitrant Ontario securities regime has agreed to abandon its own rules and adopt National Instrument 62-104 Take-Over Bids and Issuer Bids.

The most notable change is the new … Continue Reading

Maximizing shareholder value through process: Canada’s new take-over bid rules

On February 25, 2016, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA), which is the association of provincial and territorial securities regulators, published its final amendments to the take-over bid system, which harmonize the rules across all jurisdictions in Canada. The changes, as reflected in National Instrument 62-104 Take-Over Bids and Issuer Bids and National Policy 62-203 Take-Over Bids and Issuer Bids largely reflect the proposed amendments made on March 31, 2015. There are, however, some notable changes designed to facilitate the review process of boards of directors, which are required to maximize shareholder value as part of their fiduciary obligations in the … Continue Reading

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