There is no doubt that the Covid-19 pandemic has resulted in unprecedented social and economic ramifications, including a decline in M&A activity in Canada. The pandemic has also brought in changes to the way agreements are being drafted in light of what has become our new normal. Earlier, we reported that the pandemic has led to an increased focus on earn-out provisions in both existing and new M&A deals. A recent trend also emerged in lending transactions, where lenders are agreeing to include portability language in loan documents, which may remove an obstacle for private equity groups that are looking … Continue Reading
In the context of cross-border secured financing transactions involving Canada and the United States, the rules relating to perfection and priority of personal property pledged in favour of a lender or agent are similar. In the U.S., Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code governs while each Canadian jurisdiction has its own personal property security regime.
The PPSA is largely based on the UCC framework and the PPSAs of each common law Canadian jurisdiction are generally very similar to each other. There are however, a few key distinctions between the UCC and the PPSA, one of which will be discussed … Continue Reading
The rapid advancement of technology has moved at an unprecedented pace, offering the ability to automate “trust” and “quality” of the products and services being provided on a daily basis. Nevertheless, after the financial crisis in 2008, billions of fines and penalties were imposed on companies that failed to carry out regulatory standards. This exposed market inefficiencies and focused attention on solutions required to stay on top of compliance matters.
To avoid repeating history, regulators and governmental authorities have reformed the regulations by repealing traditional rules and replacing them with new and efficient ones. These intricate and new regulations can … Continue Reading
Following the financial crisis of 2008, harsher regulations governing financial institutions were implemented to mitigate future economic recessions. As discussed in an article by the Canadian Bankers Association, new financial regulations, such as Basel III, have targeted capital and liquidity because both affect a bank’s ability to “cushion the blow” of any losses and maintain its ability to meet its financial responsibilities. The international regulation, Basel III, is comprised of capital and liquidity rules, which were implemented in Canada in 2013 and 2015 respectively.
Basel III capital rules
The Basel III capital rules were introduced in Canada by national regulators … Continue Reading
While the rapid and exponential growth of Financial Technology (FinTech) companies appear to signal an impending wave of M&A, certain impediments exist that may mitigate these projections. FinTech companies develop and market technologies that facilitate a variety of financial transactions through electronic mediums. Since 2010, over 80 FinTech companies in Canada have garnered about $1 billion in investments. For private FinTech companies worldwide, investments have increased from $1.8 billion USD in 2010 to $19 billion USD in 2015. This unprecedented growth prompted the Competition Bureau to identify FinTech companies as potential disruptors to the Financial Services … Continue Reading