In private equity, environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors are often overlooked and undervalued. Due diligence is usually more focused on the financial and quantitative aspects of the target. However, in recent years, ESG has proven to be a powerful underlying factor for business successes and failures. As evidence by the #MeToo movement, and the various human resource scandals that have made headlines in recent months, an unhealthy corporate culture can have serious consequences for even the biggest of enterprises. A study that looked at 231 mergers and acquisitions between 2001 and 2016 found that ESG compatible deals performed better … Continue Reading
The year of 2017 witnessed a worldwide slowdown in the number of megadeals. According to a recent Mergermarket Report (the Report), the global total for the number of deals worth US$4 billion or more decreased from a peak of 158 in 2015 and 133 in 2016 to 129 in 2017. In Canada, the number of deals valued CAD$500 million or more decreased from 74 in 2016 to 55 in 2017, as reported by Duff & Phelps. However, there have been recent hints suggesting that the spring for megadeals is just around the corner.
After polling the … Continue Reading
Private equity investors (PEIs) when investing in new portfolio companies, seek to align management’s interests with that of the PEI to grow the value of the portfolio company and achieve a profitable return in the investment upon exit.
Typically, PEIs incentivize management to adopt such interests through compensation arrangements in the form of performance incentives. Generally, PEIs will grant management an interest in the growth in value of the company via an interest in the equity of the company (e.g., stock options or performance shares) or in the profit/proceeds of the company, the latter of which is … Continue Reading
Private equity investors (PEIs) are often a good source of capital for companies looking to start, maintain, or grow their operations and can also provide significant operational and transactional expertise. Like other investors, PEIs operate with a primary goal in mind; that is, to receive a favourable return on their investment. However, PEIs generally seek to have a greater level of involvement in an investee company than other investors. Accordingly, PEIs commonly negotiate for certain governance rights in the company via a unanimous shareholder or limited partnership agreement in order to maintain a certain level of oversight over … Continue Reading